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Cromwell Halfcrown, 1658
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CromwellCoins - V over A, 1653/4 Silver Crown, and the N over inverted N

A over V, 1653 Crown

1653 Crown

1654 Crown

1654

Letter A, 1654                                     1653                                         1652                                         1656

           Sometimes described as upside down A for V, alternatively as V over A, this is a puzzle in need of a solution. Seen on a single 1653 crown and sometimes on the single die pair of the 1654 crown. One has to wonder because the 1654 crown was produced in low numbers so it’s difficult to talk about the presence or absence of die wear. The 1653 example is shown with the hint of a bar in the top picture. The 1654 with and without the bar in the centre pictures. The bottom row of pictures show the letter A seen on the obverse side of Crowns over 4 years between 1652 and 1656. It’s surprising that none of the letters are the same. 

1656 V3
1656 V4
1654 V1
1653 V1
1653 V2

1656                                   1656                                      1654                                           1653                                   1653

1653 V AND A

also ..........

           1654 crown

If there was ever an A, it was totally obliterated with a V to the point where only a very light impression of the bar of the Letter A still remains.

          1653 Crown

This appears to be V over A with the V punched lightly over the A.

 

N over Inverted N does not appear to exist .....

This phenomenon, we read occured on crowns dated 1651 thru’ 1653. Before in 1649 two different obverses are in use - one with a conventional letter N and another obverse with an inverted letter N.

Examples of crowns dated 1651 thru to 1653 are shown and none of these examples even hints that the second N in ENGLAND has been punched twice with a reorientation of a punch. So the idea that these crowns have a letter N over an inverted letter N seems a little odd. The precision on placement probably exceeds that which was possible in the 1650’s with manual techniques.

As a double check closeups were also taken of the 1654 crown and that looks as solid as the 1653 crown, letter N, although the font is different.

Below are closeups of the 1653 crown and the 1649 crown with the letter N inverted. This gives some idea of just how difficult it would have been to use the inverted N punch twice and not show any double imaging or lack of registration.

Looking for a match to the 1649 punch the closest appears to be the centre image of the 1652 date.

So does the N over inverted N exist? Probably not and if it did it would be highly exceptional and not nearly as widespread as the suggested spread over 3 years.

  

N over Inv N2